The Physical Examination in Heart Failure—Part II

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The major components of the physical examination of patients with heart failure are presented to allow practical application by physicians and nurses working in this arena. Part II contains the key elements of the chest, precordial-cardiac, hepatic, and peripheral examination in this specific clinical setting. Supplemental maneuvers are provided. Finally, the overall role and merits of the physical examination in managing the heart failure patient are discussed.

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