A new class of flexible energetic salts, part 6: the structures of the hydrazinium and hydroxylammonium salts of dinitramide


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Abstract

The crystal structures of two amine base salts, the hydrazinium, 1, and the hydroxylammonium, 2, of dinitramide have been determined. 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P 21/c with cell dimensions a = 8.312(3), b = 5.654(1), c = 10.659(3) Å, β = 93.73(3)°, while 2 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pcab (nonstandard setting of Pbca) with cell dimensions a = 6.439(2), b = 12.470(4), c = 30.816(14) Å. The structures of 1 and 2 contain protonated amine cations and dinitramide anions linked by hydrogen bonding. In addition, in 2 there are both neutral and zwitterionic hydroxylamine moieties involved in the hydrogen bonding scheme. Thus in 2 the complete formula unit is (NH3+OH)2[N3O4]2 · (NH2OH) middot; (NH3+O), and in this structure the hydroxylamine exists in its three possible forms: protonated, neutral, and zwitterionic. In both structures the conformations adopted by the dinitramine anions can be related to the types of hydrogen bonds it forms with the surrounding amine cations.

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