Parental participation in the habilitation process — evaluation from a user perspective

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AimTo develop a national instrument for evaluation of parental participation: (1) to obtain a functional measure of quality from a user perspective; (2) as part of quality development in child habilitation services departments; (3) to create common grounds for the evaluation of important aspects of the habilitation process based on the opinions of users and care professionals; (4) to enable evaluation of individual service departments from a more general viewpoint and to highlight areas for improvement; and (5) to enable comparisons of individual service departments in the future against those of others via benchmarking.MethodThe Measurement of Processes of Care (MPOC) was deemed to be the method that corresponded most closely with these formulated aims. A shortened version, MPOC 20, had already been produced and was awaiting publication. This shortened version measures the same important aspects of habilitation as the original MPOC. It also has a new scale, with verbal clarification for each step. This makes it more user friendly, as the results are easier to interpret. MPOC 20 was modified to become MPOC 28. This questionnaire was sent out in 11 of 26 counties in Sweden. The target group for the questionnaires was families with children up to 18 years of age who had been in contact with a habilitation services department for at least 1 year. The sample group comprised 4013 randomly selected families. A total of 3391 (84.5%) returned the questionnaire, and 2458 (61%) had responded to the questions.ResultsTwelve particular questions that can be regarded as fundamental to the habilitation processes emerged from the questionnaire in the regression analysis. These are measures of good quality in the habilitation process as perceived by the parents and are important in their overall satisfaction with habilitation services. Apart from the specific information category, these questions represented all the factors, i.e. enabling/partnership, general information, co-ordinated/comprehensive care and respectful/supportive care.ConclusionMPOC 28 can be useful as an analytical tool for comparisons over time and for measuring changes in the way in which parents rank the various question areas linked to their overall level of satisfaction with the habilitation services in general.

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