Use of Amplatzer Device for Endobronchial Closure of Bronchopleural Fistulas*

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Bronchopulmonary fistula (BPF) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. It occurs as an uncommon but often severe complication of pneumonectomy. BPF may be treated by a range of surgical and medical techniques, including chest drain, Eloesser muscle flap, omental flap, transsternal bronchial closure, thoracoplasty, and prolonged therapy with antibiotic regimens. The use of bronchoscopy has been reported for the delivery of biological glue, coils, covered stents, and sealants. In this work, we describe a novel method of BPF closure using the Amplatzer device, which is commonly used for transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects.

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