The American College of Radiology Lung Imaging Reporting and Data System: Potential Drawbacks and Need for Revision

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Abstract

Lung cancer screening using low-dose CT scanning reduces lung-cancer-specific and overall mortality in high-risk patients. A significant limitation of lung cancer screening is the false-positive rate. The American College of Radiology Lung Imaging Reporting and Data System (Lung-RADS) was designed to standardize reporting of low-dose lung cancer screening results and to decrease the false-positive rate without significantly compromising sensitivity. Implementing Lung-RADS can also improve cost-effectiveness. However, Lung-RADS has never been studied in a prospective fashion. It also does not have a specific reporting category for patients with isolated hilar and mediastinal adenopathy or pleural effusion in the absence of lung nodules. We report four such cases from our lung cancer screening program. We believe that this is a significant limitation of Lung-RADS and should be revised in its new version.

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