Noninducibility and Late Potential Abolition: A Novel Combined Prognostic Procedural End Point for Catheter Ablation of Postinfarction Ventricular Tachycardia

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Abstract

Background—

Successful late potential (LP) abolition and postprocedural ventricular tachycardia (VT) noninducibility constitute significant end points after catheter ablation for VT. We investigated the prognostic impact of a combined procedural end point of VT noninducibility and LP abolition in a large series of post–myocardial infarction patients with VT.

Methods and Results—

A total of 160 (154 men, 94% with implantable cardioverter defibrillators) consecutive post–myocardial infarction patients undergoing first-time ablation procedures from 2010 to 2012 were included. Of the 159 patients surviving the procedure, 137 (86%) were either inducible or in VT at baseline and 103 (65%) had baseline LP presence, of which 79 (77%) underwent successful LP abolition. The combined end point was assessable in 155 (97%) patients. There were 50 (32%) patients with VT recurrences and 17 (11%) cardiac deaths during follow-up. Patients who fulfilled the combined end point of VT noninducibility and LP abolition compared with inducible patients exhibited a significantly lower incidence of VT recurrence (16.4% versus 47.4%; log-rank P<0.001) and cardiac death (4.1% versus 42.1%; log-rank P<0.001). Among noninducible patients, those with additional LP abolition also had a lower incidence of VT recurrence (16.4% versus 46.0%; log-rank P<0.001). After multivariate analysis, the combined end point of VT noninducibility and LP abolition (hazard ratio, 0.205, P<0.001) was independently associated with VT recurrence and cardiac death (hazard ratio, 0.106; P=0.001).

Conclusions—

Achieving a combined catheter ablation procedural end point of VT noninducibility and LP abolition reduces VT recurrence rates to low levels (16%). The overall strategy was associated with a significant impact on cardiac survival.

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