Permanent His Bundle Pacing for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients With Heart Failure and Right Bundle Branch Block

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Background:Cardiac resynchronization therapy utilizing biventricular pacing is an effective therapy for patients with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, left bundle branch block, and heart failure. Benefits of biventricular pacing may be limited in patients with right bundle branch block (RBBB). Permanent His bundle pacing (HBP) has recently been reported as an option for cardiac resynchronization therapy. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility and outcomes of HBP in patients with RBBB and heart failure.Methods:HBP was attempted as a primary or rescue (failed LV lead implant) strategy in patients with reduced LV ejection fraction, RBBB, QRS duration ≥120 ms, and New York Heart Association class II to IV heart failure. Implant characteristics, New York Heart Association functional class, and echocardiographic data were assessed in follow-up.Results:Mean age was 72±10 years, female 15%, with an average LV ejection fraction of 31±10%. HBP was successful in 37 of 39 patients (95%) with narrowing of RBBB in 78% cases. His capture and bundle branch block correction thresholds were 1.1±0.6 V and 1.4±0.7 V at 1 ms, respectively. During a mean follow-up of 15±23 months, there was a significant narrowing of QRS from 158±24 to 127±17 ms (P=0.0001), increase in LV ejection fraction from 31±10% to 39±13% (P=0.004), and improvement in New York Heart Association functional class from 2.8±0.6 to 2±0.7 (P=0.0001) with HBP. Increase in capture threshold occurred in 3 patients.Conclusions:Permanent HBP was associated with significant narrowing of QRS duration and improvement in LV function in patients with RBBB and reduced LV ejection fraction. Permanent HBP is a promising option for cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with RBBB and reduced LV ejection fraction.

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