Slow/Fast Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia Using the Inferolateral Left Atrial Slow Pathway: Role of the Resetting Response to Select the Ablation Target

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Abstract

Background:

We describe a technique to localize the ablation target in patients with an unusual variant of slow/fast atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) using a slow pathway connecting to the basal inferolateral left atrium.

Methods:

Consecutive patients with slow/fast AVNRT were included. During stable slow/fast AVNRT, a single late atrial extrastimulus (AES) was delivered at the inferolateral left atrium near the mitral annulus. Advancing the next His bundle potential by ≥5 ms, followed by resetting of the tachycardia cycle length, indicated that the AES engaged the anterograde slow pathway. The latest AES resetting AVNRT was considered to be in close proximity to the atrial end of the anterograde slow pathway and was selected as the ablation target.

Results:

In 10 of 843 (1.2%) patients, ablation at the inferolateral left atrium was required. All patients had had failed ablation at the inferior triangle of Koch and roof of the coronary sinus. In all 10 patients, a late AES advanced the His bundle potential by ≥10 ms and reset the tachycardia. Ablation at that site eliminated slow pathway conduction and terminated the tachycardia. Ablation was successful at the site of the latest AES, delivered 49±12 ms after the onset of the His bundle potential. No recurrent tachycardia was noted at 1 year of follow-up.

Conclusions:

The inferolateral left atrium slow pathway is used in a small subset of patients with slow/fast AVNRT. Accurate localization of the ablation target can be achieved by delivering late AES during AVNRT (resetting response).

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