Thiazide diuretics are among the most commonly prescribed antihypertensives. However, <50% of thiazide-treated patients achieve blood pressure (BP) control. Herein, we used different omics (genomics and transcriptomics) to identify novel biomarkers of thiazide diuretics BP response.Methods and Results—
Genome-wide analysis included 228 white hypertensives with BP determined at baseline and after 9 weeks of hydrochlorothiazide. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms with P <5×10−5 were prioritized according to their biological function, using RegulomeDB, haploreg, and Genome-Wide Annotation of Variants. The results from the prioritization approach revealed rs10995 as the most likely functional single-nucleotide polymorphism, among single-nucleotide polymorphisms tested, that has been associated with hydrochlorothiazide BP response. The rs10995 G-allele was associated with better BP response to hydrochlorothiazide versus noncarriers (Δ systolic BP/Δ diastolic BP: −12.3/−8.2 versus −6.8/−3.5 mm Hg, respectively, Δ systolic BP P=3×10−4, Δ diastolic BP P=5×10−5). This association was replicated in independent participants treated with chlorthalidone. In addition, rs10995 G-allele was associated with increased mRNA expression of VASP (vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein). Moreover, baseline expression of the VASP mRNA was significantly higher in 25 good responders to hydrochlorothiazide compared with 25 poor responders (P=0.01). This finding was replicated in independent participants treated with chlorthalidone (P=0.04). Last, allelic-specific expression analysis revealed a significant but modest imbalance with rs10995 and rs10156, a single-nucleotide polymorphism in high linkage disequilibrium (r2=0.7) with rs10995, which both could contribute to the observed genetic effects by affecting VASP mRNA expression.Conclusions—
This study highlights the strength of using different omics to identify novel biomarkers of drug response and suggests VASP as a potential determinant of thiazide diuretics BP response.Clinical Trial Registration—
URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifiers: NCT00246519 and NCT01203852.