Intravascular ultrasound detects stent edge dissections after percutaneous coronary intervention that are not seen angiographically. This study investigated the association between stent edge dissections and clinical outcomes.Methods and Results—
ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents) was a large-scale, prospective, multicenter study of patients undergoing drug-eluting stent implantation. In this prospective substudy, 2062 patients (2433 lesions) were evaluated with intravascular ultrasound to characterize the morphological features and clinical outcomes of stent edge dissection after percutaneous coronary intervention. The prevalence of post–percutaneous coronary intervention stent edge dissection was 6.6% per lesion (161 of 2433). Calcified plaque at the proximal stent edge (relative risk [RR]=1.72; P=0.04) and proximal stent edge expansion (RR=1.18; P=0.004) were predictors for proximal dissection; attenuated plaque at the distal stent edge (RR=3.52; P=0.004), distal reference plaque burden (RR=1.56; P<0.0001), and distal edge stent expansion (RR=1.11; P=0.02) were predictors for distal dissection. At 1-year follow-up, target lesion revascularization was more common in lesions with versus without dissection (5.2% versus 2.7%; P=0.04). Multivariable analysis indicated that residual dissection was associated with target lesion revascularization at 1-year follow-up (RR=2.67; P=0.02). Among lesions with dissection, smaller effective lumen area increased the risk of target lesion revascularization at 1-year follow-up (cutoff value of 5.1 mm2; P=0.05).Conclusions—
Greater stent expansion and the presence of large, calcified, and/or attenuated plaques were independent predictors of stent edge dissection. Residual stent edge dissection, especially with a smaller effective lumen area, was associated with target lesion revascularization during 1-year follow-up after drug-eluting stent implantation.Clinical Trial Registration—
URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00638794.