Platelet Reactivity and Clinical Outcomes After Coronary Artery Implantation of Drug-Eluting Stents in Subjects With Peripheral Arterial Disease: Analysis From the ADAPT-DES Study (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents)

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Abstract

Background—

Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have high rates of adverse cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention and may additionally have heightened platelet reactivity. This study assessed the relationship between platelet reactivity and clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions among subjects with and without PAD.

Methods and Results—

ADAPT-DES (Assessment of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy With Drug-Eluting Stents) was a prospective, multicenter registry of patients treated with coronary drug-eluting stents. Platelet reactivity was assessed by the VerifyNow point-of-care assay; high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR) was defined as P2Y12 reaction units >208. A propensity-adjusted multivariable analysis was performed to determine the relationship between PAD, platelet reactivity, and subsequent adverse events (definite or probable stent thrombosis, all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, and clinically relevant bleeding). Among 8582 patients, 10.2% had a history of PAD. Patients with PAD were older and more likely to have comorbid conditions; however, mean P2Y12 reaction units and HPR were not significantly different between PAD and no PAD groups. Patients with PAD had higher 2-year rates of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and clinically relevant bleeding. Associations between HPR and adverse events were similar in PAD and no PAD groups, without evidence of interaction; however, adverse event rates were highest among subjects with both PAD and HPR. In a propensity-adjusted multivariable model, both PAD and HPR were independent predictors of myocardial infarction at 2 years.

Conclusions—

A history of PAD was associated with ischemic and bleeding outcomes 2 years after successful coronary drug-eluting stent implantation; however, these associations did not seem to be directly mediated by heightened platelet reactivity.

Clinical Trial Registration—

URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00638794.

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