Comparative Biomechanical Behavior and Healing Profile of a Novel Thinned Wall Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Amorphous Poly-L-Lactic Acid Sirolimus-Eluting Bioresorbable Coronary Scaffold

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Background—Mechanical strength of bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) is highly dependent on strut dimensions and polymer features. To date, the successful development of thin-walled BRS has been challenging. We compared the biomechanical behavior and vascular healing profile of a novel thin-walled (115 µm) sirolimus-eluting ultrahigh molecular weight amorphous poly-L-lactic acid-based BRS (APTITUDE, Amaranth Medical [AMA]) to Absorb (bioresorbable vascular scaffold [BVS]) using different experimental models.Methods and Results—In vitro biomechanical testing showed no fractures in the AMA-BRS when overexpanded 1.3 mm above nominal dilatation values (≈48%) and lower number of fractures on accelerated cycle testing over time (at 21 K cycles=20.0 [19.5–20.5] in BVS versus 4.0 [3.0–4.3] in AMA-BRS). In the healing response study, 35 AMA-BRS and 23 BVS were implanted in 58 coronary arteries of 23 swine and followed-up to 180 days. Scaffold strut healing was evaluated in vivo using weekly optical coherence tomography analysis. At 14 days, the AMA-BRS demonstrated a higher percentage of embedded struts (71.0% [47.6, 89.1] compared with BVS 40.3% [20.5, 63.2]; P=0.01). At 21 days, uncovered struts were still present in the BVS group (3.8% [2.1, 10.2]). Histopathology revealed lower area stenosis (AMA-BRS, 21.0±6.1% versus BVS 31.0±4.5%; P=0.002) in the AMA-BRS at 28 days. Neointimal thickness and inflammatory scores were comparable between both devices at 180 days.Conclusions—A new generation thinned wall BRS displayed a more favorable biomechanical behavior and strut healing profile compared with BVS in normal porcine coronary arteries. This novel BRS concept has the potential to improve the clinical outcomes of current generation BRS.

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