Treatment of Aortic Stenosis With a Self-Expanding, Resheathable Transcatheter Valve: One-Year Results of the International Multicenter Portico Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation System Study

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Abstract

Background—

The aim of the Portico TAVI (transcatheter aortic valve implantation) system study was to evaluate outcomes ≤1 year after implantation of a novel resheathable, self-expanding TAVI system in a multicenter patient population with severe aortic stenosis (AS).

Methods and Results—

High-risk patients (n=222) with symptomatic severe AS (mean age, 83.0±4.6 years; 74.3% women) were enrolled across 12 centers in Europe and Australia. The study’s primary end point was all-cause mortality at 30 days. A total of 209 patients who received the Portico TAVI system were available for follow-up after the 30-day visit. Data collection included hemodynamic assessment by echocardiography with core laboratory evaluation and assessment of functional status. Valve Academic Research Consortium–defined adverse events were adjudicated by an independent Clinical Events Committee. TAVI using the Portico valve led to a significant and persistent improvement in aortic valve function at 1 year. More than mild paravalvular leak was present in 5.7% and 7.5% of patients at 30 days and 1 year, respectively. Kaplan–Meier estimates at 30 days and 1 year were 3.6% and 13.8% for all-cause mortality, 3.6% and 9.6% for cardiovascular mortality, and 3.2% and 5.8% for major (disabling) stroke. After 30 days and ≤1 year of follow-up, adverse events included stage 3 acute kidney injury (n=3), major vascular complications (n=5), and life-threatening/disabling bleeding (n=3). Overall permanent pacemaker rate was 14.7%. At 1 year, 74.8% improved ≥1 New York Heart Association class compared with baseline (P<0.0001).

Conclusions—

The Portico TAVI system is safe and effective at 1 year, yielding low mortality and stroke rates in high-risk patients with severe AS.

Clinical Trial Registration—

URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01493284.

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