Temporal Response of Left Ventricular Performance to Mitral Valve Surgery

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Abstract

We separated MR patients into two subgroups. In 12 subjects (group 1) with preoperative EDD = 5.94 0.42 cm, ESD = 3.55 ± 0.43 cm, and EF = 0.70 ± 0.05, EF fell slightly by 6 months after surgery to 0.59 ± 0.10 (p < 0.01), but remained within the normal range. Concomitantly, left ventricular hypertrophy regressed, as CSA was 24.2 6.5 cm2 before and 18.6 ± 2.4 cm2 after surgery (p < 0.01). contrast, in four subjects (group 2) with preoperative EDD = 8.07 ± 0.35 cm, ESD = 5.69 ± 0.70 cm, and EF = 0.57 ± 0.05, left ventricular function progressively deteriorated after surgery, with EF falling 0.26 ± 0.06 (p < 0.01). In the latter group left ventricular hypertrophy did not regress (CSA = 31.5 ± 4.5 cm2 before and 31.9 ± 3.4 cm2 after surgery, NS). Techniques for myocardial preservation during mitral valve surgery did not differ between the MR and MS groups. In group 2 MR subjects, there was no evidence of intraoperative myocardial infarction.

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