Effect of Extension of Infarction on Serial CK Activity

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The effects of extension of myocardial infarction produced by reduction of regional myocardial blood flow (RMBF) to an ischemic region on serum CK activity was examined in 14 awake dogs. Initial infarction was effected by occlusion of the distal left circumflex coronary artery (LCCA) and subsequent extension was produced by occlusion of the proximal LCCA 6, 12 or 18 hours after distal occlusion. Extension was verified by serial measurements of RMBF using radioisotope-labeled microspheres before and after proximal occlusion.

Serum CK activity increased initially 2-4 hours after distal coronary occlusion and then increased rapidly and reached peak values 12 hours after occlusion. When the infarction was extended at 6, 12 or 18 hours after the initial occlusion, CK appearance was immediately reduced in the 6- and 12-hour experiments, but not in the 18-hour experiments. Extension of infarction at each interval caused delayed increases in CK activity beginning 2-5 hours after proximal occlusion, with peak values occurring 12 hours later. The immediate effects of extension of infarction by reducing blood flow on CK activity are a function of whether the infarcted myocardium continued to release CK, e.g., at 6 and 12 hours after occlusion, or CK release was completed, e.g., 18 hours. The immediate effects of extension of infarction were the result of perfusion on myocardium that is infarcted and continues to release CK, and do not necessarily indicate alterations in the extent of myocardial injury. The delayed effects of proximal and distal occlusion on CK activity were comparable, suggesting that delayed and not immediate alterationsin CK activity represent extension of infarction.

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