Valve Replacement for Aortic Regurgitation: Long-term Follow-up with Factors Influencing the Results

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One hundred consecutive cases of valve replacement for aortic regurgitation performed between 1967–1971 were analyzed to identify and quantitate factors related to a favorable result. Of 83 perioperative survivors, 78% (n = 65) became asymptomatic and 58% (n = 48) were alive 5–9 years postoperatively. The cause of aortic regurgitation affected both the speed of progression of symptoms and the postoperative result.

Death due to myocardial failure may be prevented by optimal timing of operation. Accordingly, we identified variables that discriminated between patients who had an excellent postoperative result and those who died of myocardial failure. The most important discriminators were the severity (p = 0.03) and duration (p = 0.04) of dyspnea, the extent of therapy for heart failure (p = 0.001), physical findings of left ventricular failure (p = 0.002), the cardiothoracic ratio (p = 0.007), the resting pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (p = 0.01), and a cardiac index < 2.2 I/min/m2 (p = 0.03).

The data suggest that evidence of left ventricular failure, even of mild degree, is an indication for operation in patients with severe aortic regurgitation

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