Expression of Gq alpha and PLC-beta in Scar and Border Tissue in Heart Failure Due to Myocardial Infarction

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Abstract

Background

Large transmural myocardial infarction (MI) leads to maladaptive cardiac remodeling and places patients at increased risk of congestive heart failure. Angiotensin II, endothelin, and alpha1 -adrenergic receptor agonists are implicated in the development of cardiac hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and heart failure after MI. Because these agonists are coupled to and activate Gq alpha protein in the heart, the aim of the present study was to investigate Gq alpha expression and function in cardiac remodeling and heart failure after MI.

Conclusions

Upregulation of the Gq alpha/PLC-beta pathway was observed in the viable, border, and scar tissues in post-MI hearts. Gq alpha and PLC-beta may play important roles in scar remodeling as well as cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis of the surviving tissue in post-MI rat heart. It is suggested that the Gq alpha/PLC-beta pathway may provide a possible novel target for altering postinfarct remodeling. (Circulation. 1998;97:892-899.)

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