Prognostic Importance of Emotional Support for Elderly Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure

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Several studies have indicated that a variety of social relationships are important predictors of morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease, but little attention has been focused on the prognostic importance of these factors in the growing population of elderly patients with heart failure. To address this issue, we sought to determine whether emotional support is associated with fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events in elderly patients hospitalized with heart failure.


Among elderly patients hospitalized with clinical heart failure, the absence of emotional support, measured before admission, is a strong, independent predictor of the occurrence of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events in the year after admission. In this cohort, the association is restricted to women. (Circulation. 1998;97:958-964.)

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