New Mutations in the KVLQT1 Potassium Channel That Cause Long-QT Syndrome

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Abstract

Background

Long-QT syndrome (LQTS) is an inherited cardiac arrhythmia that causes sudden death in young, otherwise healthy people. Four genes for LQTS have been mapped to chromosome 11p15.5 (LQT1), 7q35-36 (LQT2), 3p21-24 (LQT3), and 4q25-27 (LQT4). Genes responsible for LQT1, LQT2, and LQT3 have been identified as cardiac potassium channel genes (KVLQT1, HERG) and the cardiac sodium channel gene (SCN5A).

Conclusions

We have identified LQTS-causing mutations of KVLQT1 in seven families. Five KVLQT1 mutations cause the truncation of KVLQT1 protein. These data further confirm that KVLQT1 mutations cause LQTS. The location and character of these mutations expand the types of mutation, confirm a mutational hot spot, and suggest that they act through a loss-of-function mechanism or a dominant-negative mechanism. (Circulation. 1998;97:1264-1269.)

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