Gene Therapy With Extracellular Superoxide Dismutase Attenuates Myocardial Stunning in Conscious Rabbits

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Abstract

Background

Administration of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) without catalase fails to alleviate myocardial stunning, but extracellular SOD (Ec-SOD) may be more effective because it binds to heparan sulfate proteoglycans on the cellular glycocalyx. We therefore used in vivo gene transfer to increase systemic levels of Ec-SOD and determined whether this gene therapy protects against myocardial stunning.

Conclusions

The results demonstrate that in vivo gene transfer of the cDNA encoding Ec-SOD provides the heart with substantial protection against myocardial stunning without the need for concomitant administration of catalase. The present observations provide the basis for controlling gene therapy at the posttranslational level and for simultaneously protecting multiple organs from oxidant stress. (Circulation. 1998;98:1438-1448.)

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