Vascular Endothelin-1 Gene Expression and Synthesis and Effect on Renal Type I Collagen Synthesis and Nephroangiosclerosis During Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibition in Rats

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Abstract

Background

The progression of hypertension during NO deficiency is associated with renal vascular fibrosis due to increased extracellular matrix (mainly collagen I) formation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether endothelin-1 (ET-1) is involved in this pathophysiological process.

Conclusions

These data demonstrate that ET-1 synthesis is increased in renal microvessels when NO production is suppressed. In this model of hypertension, ET-1 is a major activator of collagen I formation in renal resistance vessels and participates in the development of renal fibrosis without affecting systolic blood pressure. (Circulation. 1999;99:2185-2191.)

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