Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta has become an increasingly utilized therapy. Although the short-term mortality advantage over open surgery is well documented, late mortality and the impact of presenting pathology on long-term outcomes remain poorly reported.Methods and Results—
A database was built from 5 prospective studies and a single institutional series. Rates of perioperative adverse events were calculated, as were midterm death and reintervention rates. Multivariate analysis was performed with the use of logistic regression modeling. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were drawn for midterm outcomes. The database contained 1010 patients: 670 patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm, 195 with chronic type B aortic dissection, and 114 with acute type B aortic dissection. Lower elective mortality was observed in patients with chronic dissections (3%) compared with patients with aneurysms (5%). Multivariate analysis identified age, mode of admission, American Society of Anesthesiologists grade, and pathology as independent predictors of 30-day death (P < 0.05). In the midterm, the all-cause mortality rate was 8, 4.9, and 3.2 deaths per 100 patient-years for thoracic aortic aneurysm, acute type B aortic dissection, and chronic type B aortic dissection, respectively. The rates of aortic-related death were 0.6, 1.2, and 0.4 deaths per 100 patient-years for thoracic aortic aneurysm, acute type B aortic dissection, and chronic type B aortic dissection, respectively.Conclusions—
This study indicated that the midterm outcomes of endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta are defined by presenting pathology, associated comorbidities, and mode of admission. Nonaortic mortality is high in the midterm for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm, and managing modifiable risk factors appears vital. Endovascular repair of the thoracic aorta results in excellent midterm protection from aortic-related mortality, regardless of presenting pathology.