Introduction: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) is a syndromemwith limited treatment modalities. Our control over 30 day readmissions and readmission outcomes is limited.
Methods: HCUP’s Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) from 2013-14 was used for HFpEF related hospitalizations using ICD-9- CM diagnostic code:428.3x in primary diagnosis field. 30-day readmissions were identified and classified into two groups: same-hospital readmissions and different-hospital readmissions. A comparative analysis was conducted focused on three metrics - mortality, length of stay (LOS) and cost of hospitalization. We used hierarchical two-level modeling and propensity score matching to adjust for confounders.
Results: Of the 94,988 readmitted patients (age >65 years: 79%, Females: 61.45%) - 76,665 (80.70%) to the same hospital and rest to different hospitals. After adjusting extensive list of confounders, same hospital readmission was associated with better outcomes including in hospital mortality (OR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.66 - 0.80, p<0.001), LOS (Days: -1.14, 95% CI: -1.31 - -0.97, p<0.001), Cost of care ($: -4208, 95% CI: - 4681 - -3734, p<0.001). For validation of our results, we ran propensity score matching, showed similar results - in hospital mortality (6.23% vs 8.07%), LOS (6.30 ± 0.08 vs 7.47 ± 0.095), Cost of care (14042.7 ± 215.7 vs 18685.4 ± 279.2). Post hoc high-risk subgroup analysis were conducted and showed similar results (Figure). Number needed to treat (for mortality) was 74 patients. Up to ~ 100 million dollars could have been saved over 2 years.
Conclusions: Considering scale of problem and limited option to prevent worse outcomes, Simple interventions such as redirecting patient to same hospital as previous admission would be beneficial.