Introduction: Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) using aortic transcatheter heart valves (THV) is developing as an alternative to surgery for patients with severely degenerated mitral valve (MV) bioprostheses. Retrospective self-reported registries have collected outcomes on these TMVR procedures in the STS/ACC Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry and in the Valve-in-Valve International Database. Most reported TMVR procedures for failed surgical bioprostheses have been performed using a transapical access approach. A prospective comprehensive evaluation of mitral Valve-in-Valve (VIV) outcomes, including transseptal access has not previously been conducted.
Objectives: To evaluate in-hospital and 30-day clinical outcomes of transseptal mitral VIV with SAPIEN 3 THV in patients with very high surgical risk.
Methods: Prospective enrollment of very high surgical risk patients with symptomatic severely degenerated MV surgical bioprostheses in 30 patients at 15 sites in the U.S. Candidates were assessed by a case review committee prior to approval. Baseline qualifying echocardiograms and cardiac CT studies were analyzed by independent core labs. Echocardiograms, cardiac CT studies and neurology evaluations were also performed after mitral VIV procedures. Clinical events were adjudicated by a clinical events committee and safety was monitored by a data safety monitoring board.
Results: 26 patients have been enrolled between July 2016 and June 2017. Mean age was 83 years, 62% female, mean STS score was 10% and 62% were in New York Heart Association class III or IV. Transseptal access was used in all procedures. Technical success was achieved in all patients and there was no in-hospital mortality. There was no 30-day cardiovascular mortality and 4% (1 patient) 30-day all-cause mortality (1 patient died of asphyxia on day 29 after choking on pills at home), which was lower than the 30-day mortality in the TVT registry (9%). Detailed procedural, in-hospital and 30-day outcomes will be presented on the complete cohort of 30 patients.
Conclusions: In patients without surgical alternatives, transseptal mitral ViV procedures in failed surgical bioprostheses are associated with high technical and procedural success and low 30-day mortality.