Abstract P148: Heart Disease Among Breast Cancer Patients


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Abstract

Purpose: In conjunction with women being diagnosed earlier with breast cancer and a rapidly aging population, advances in cancer therapies have swiftly propelled cardiotoxicity as a major health concern for breast cancer patients. Frequent cardiotoxicity outcomes include: reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), myocardial infarction, asymptomatic or hospitalized heart failure, arrhythmias, hypertension, and thromboembolism. The purpose of this study was to use an electronic health records system determine if an increased odds of heart disease was present among women with breast cancer.Methods: Data from the Research Action for Health Network (REACHnet) was used for the analysis. REACHnet is a clinical data research network that uses the common data model to extract electronic health records (EHR) from health networks in Louisiana (n=100,000).Women over the age of 30 with data (n=35,455) were included in the analysis. ICD-9 diagnosis codes were used to classify heart disease (HD) (Hypertensive HD, Ischemic HD, Pulmonary HD, and Other HD) and identify breast cancer patients. Additional EHR variables considered were smoking status, and patient vitals. Chi-square tests, crude, and adjusted logistic regression models were computed utilizing SAS 9.4.Results: Utilizing diagnoses codes our study team has estimated 28.6% of women over the age of 30 with a breast cancer diagnosis (n=816) also had a heart disease diagnosis, contrasted with 15.6% of women without a breast cancer diagnosis. Among patients with heart disease, there was no significant difference in the distribution of the type of heart disease diagnoses by breast cancer status (p=0.87). There was a 2.21 (1.89, 2.58) crude odds ratio of having a CVD diagnoses among breast cancer cases when referenced to cancer free women. After adjusting for age (30-49, 50-64, 65+), race (black/white), and comorbidities (obesity/overweight, diabetes, current smoker) there was an increased risk of heart disease (OR: 1.24 (1.05, 1.47)).Conclusion: The short-term and long-term consequences of cardiotoxicity on cancer treatment risk-to-benefit ratio, survivorship issues, and competing causes of mortality are increasingly being acknowledged. Our next efforts will include making advances in predictive risk modeling. Maximizing benefits while reducing cardiac risks needs to become a priority in oncologic management and monitoring for late-term toxic effects.

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