Background: A decline in all forms of coronary revascularization has been previously reported. Whether the decline has continued after the turn of the century is unknown as well as whether it is influenced by trends in the use and results of coronary angiography.
Methods: All diagnostic and therapeutic coronary procedures performed among Olmsted County, MN residents from 2000-2015 were analyzed. Standardized rates (per 100,000 population) were calculated applying the direct method and temporal trends compared using Poisson regression models. Trends in disease severity, defined as 3-vessel and/or left main coronary artery disease (CAD), were assessed using logistic regression models.
Results: Between 2000 and 2015, 11,691 coronary angiographies were performed (63% men; 54% ≥ 65 years of age). The age- and sex-standardized rates of angiography decreased over time (ptrend < 0.001; Figure). Overall, 30% of the subjects had 3-vessel and/or left main CAD, and this proportion decreased over time (age- and sex-adjusted odds ratios (95% CI) for severe CAD: 0.68 (0.62-0.76) in 2005-2009 and 0.69 (0.63-0.77) in 2010-2015 compared with 2000-2004). Among 5,222 coronary revascularization procedures performed, 78% were PCI and 22% CABG. The age- and sex-standardized rates of any revascularization declined during the study period, reflecting temporal decreases in both PCI and CABG (all ptrend < 0.001; Figure). The declines in angiography rates, CAD severity, and revascularization utilization were consistently greater in women than men (all P for interactions < 0.01).
Conclusions: Declines in all forms of coronary revascularization, which were greater in women than men, have occurred in Olmsted County, MN, from 2000-2015. The declines occurred in the context of fewer angiograms performed in the population and reduced severity of anatomic CAD.