Incremental Prognostic Value of Left Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain in Patients With Aortic Stenosis and Preserved Ejection Fraction


    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background—We sought to assess the utility of left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) in predicting mortality in moderate to severe and paradoxical severe aortic stenosis (AS) patients with preserved ejection fraction.Methods and Results—We studied 395 AS patients (70±14 years, 57% men) with aortic valve area <1.3 cm2 evaluated between January to June 2008 (excluding severe other valve disease and LV ejection fraction <50%). Clinical and echocardiographic data were recorded. LV-GLS was analyzed using Velocity Vector Imaging. AS patients were classified as (a) moderate–severe (n=93; aortic valve area, 1.1–1.3 cm2), (b) standard severe (n=161; aortic valve area, ≤1 cm2; mean gradient ≥40 mm Hg), and (c) paradoxical severe (n=141; aortic valve area, ≤1 cm2 and mean gradient <40 mm Hg). Additive Euroscore was 7±3. The association of LV-GLS with all-cause mortality was assessed after risk-adjustment using Cox proportional hazards models. Median LV-GLS was −14.8% (interquartile range, −17.2%, −12.1%). At 4.4±1.4 years, there were 92 (23%) deaths. On multivariable Cox analysis, additive Euroscore (hazard ratio, 1.19; 1.13–1.27; P<0.001), New York Heart Association class (hazard ratio, 1.44; 1.11–1.87; P<0.001), AV surgery with time-dependent covariate analysis (hazard ratio, 0.29; 0.19–0.45; P<0.001), and LV-GLS (hazard ratio, 1.05; 1.03–1.07; P<0.001) were independent predictors of mortality. LV-GLS <−12.1% (4th quartile) was associated with significantly reduced survival. Addition of LV-GLS to clinical parameters (additive Euroscore+New York Heart Association class) led to significant improvement in prediction of mortality (χ2 increased from 48 to 58; P<0.01).Conclusions—LV-GLS independently predicts mortality in moderate–severe and severe AS patients with preserved LV ejection fraction, providing incremental prognostic utility, in addition to standard clinical and echocardiographic parameters.

    loading  Loading Related Articles