Promoting Oral Therapy Adherence: Consensus statements from the faculty of the Melanoma Nursing Initiative on oral melanoma therapies

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BACKGROUND:Inhibitors of BRAF and the downstream signaling protein MEK have improved outcomes for patients with BRAF-mutant advanced malignant melanoma. Despite their ease of administration, these oral therapies pose adherence challenges.OBJECTIVES:This article aims to increase awareness of causes of nonadherence to oral targeted therapies in advanced malignant melanoma and to provide oncology nurses with strategies to address these nonadherence issues.METHODS:Members of the Melanoma Nursing Initiative explored issues related to adherence to targeted therapies in advanced malignant melanoma. The current literature and clinical experience were reviewed.FINDINGS:The authors present a care step pathway focused on increased patient engagement and rapid identification and optimal management of toxicities to avoid toxicity-related nonadherence. Other causes for nonadherence and employment of individualized strategies to support patient adherence are addressed.

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