Cisplatin-Based Therapy and CINV

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Abstract

Optimal antiemetics during germ cell testicular cancer treatment

BACKGROUND:

Cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens are the backbone of chemotherapy for germ cell testicular cancer. Cisplatin is administered for five days, causing an overlap of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Although CINV is widely researched, studies involving multiday chemotherapy regimens are limited.

OBJECTIVES:

This article synthesizes the research in antiemetics used in multiday cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens and provides recommendations to optimize antiemetic therapy.

METHODS:

A literature review was conducted for articles examining antiemetics in multiday cisplatin-based chemotherapy regimens. Results were synthesized, and findings were applied to existing antiemetic strategies.

FINDINGS:

Although an optimal regimen has not been identified, patients receiving multiday cisplatin chemotherapy should have an antiemetic administered on each day of chemotherapy and two to three days after chemotherapy. Antiemetics should include an NK1 antagonist, 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, and dexamethasone.

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