A literature review on prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting using netupitant/palonosetronBACKGROUND:
Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can be improved with guideline-consistent use of antiemetics. However, adherence to antiemetic guidelines remains often insufficient. Therefore, new strategies that improve adherence are needed.OBJECTIVES:
To review the latest antiemetic guideline recommendations and provide an update on the use of NEPA, a fixed combination antiemetic composed of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (RA) netupitant and the 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 RA palonosetron (Akynzeo®).METHODS:
Analysis of the literature was performed, including guidelines, published literature, congress data on NEPA, and relevant articles on CINV.FINDINGS:
Increased knowledge about CINV treatment recommendations and new antiemetic agents allow nurses to promote individualized antiemetic prophylaxis and maximize supportive patient care. Nurses are in a unique position to promote guideline-consistent antiemetic prophylaxis and are central in the education of patients and caregivers.