Measuring occupational balance and its relationship to perceived stress and health: Mesurer l’équilibre occupationnel et sa relation avec le stress perçus et la santé

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Abstract

Background.

There is an assumption that occupational balance is integrally related to health and well-being.

Purpose.

This study aimed to investigate test-retest reliability of the English-translated Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ), its relationship to measures of health (Short Form Health Survey–36 Version 2.0 [SF-36v2]) and stress (Perceived Stress Scale–10; PSS-10), and demographic differences in OBQ scores in Canadian adults.

Method.

Test-retest reliability (2 weeks) was assessed using intraclass correlation (ICC) coefficients. Online surveys from 86 adults were analyzed using descriptive, correlational, and t test statistics.

Findings.

OBQ test-retest reliability was ICC = 0.74 (95% CI [0.34, 0.90]; p = .003) when excluding an influential case (n = 20). OBQ correlations with PSS-10 were r = –.72; with SF-36v2 Mental Component Score, r = .65; and with Physical Component Score, r = .31; all p < .001. Age and gender had no impact on OBQ scores.

Implications.

Findings help elucidate relationships among health, stress, and occupational balance; however, further psychometric testing is warranted before using OBQ for clinical purposes.

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