Pain Locus of Control Scores in Chronic Pain Patients and Medical Clinic Patients With and Without Pain

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Abstract

Objective:

We investigated the association between treatment setting and pain control attributions as assessed by the Pain Locus of Control Scale (PLOC).

Results and Conclusions:

Results indicated that pain clinic patients were the least likely of the three groups to report predictable control of their pain as reflected by their significantly lower “powerful other” and higher “chance” dimension scores. Medical clinic patients without pain reported greater personal control of pain than the other two groups as evidenced by their higher “internality” dimension score and lower “chance” dimension score. Results indicate that pain control appraisals differ among patients with chronic pain and illness as a function of the treatment setting and suggest that differences in cognitive appraisal can affect treatment efficacy.

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