(a) To investigate the influence of previous pain experience and familial pain tolerance models on postsurgical pain; (b) to investigate the effect of personality traits on vicarious learning.Results:
Patients who had previously been subjected to medical pain experienced a greater intensity of pain. In addition, those who had reported poor tolerance in the original family experienced both earlier and more severe pain. Some patients' personality traits were related to familial pain tolerance models.Conclusions:
We conclude that knowledge of an individual's pain history and familial pain tolerance models can be useful in predicting and managing post-surgical pain.