Neuromodulation in Pediatrics: Case Series

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Objectives:Neuromodulation, particularly intrathecal drug delivery systems and spinal cord stimulators (SCSs), can be a valuable tool when treating chronic pain in adults. However, there is a paucity of literature with regard to its use in pediatrics.Materials and Methods:We present a series of 14 children and adolescents with intractable pain who received a SCS or a pump for the intrathecal delivery of medications between 2010 and 2016 at our institution.Results:During the study period, we placed 10 intrathecal pumps and 4 SCSs with an average age of 17 years old. Pain scores significantly improved after the implant (P<0.007) and function improved in 79% of patients. Opioid use was also significantly reduced. Three patients eventually had their device removed due to psychiatric comorbidities. Four patients had complications that were treated without further sequelae.Conclusions:Neuromodulation can offer important options in treating some pediatric chronic pain patients. In-depth knowledge of primary disease and strict patient selection in the context of the patient’s social situation is vital to successful treatment.

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