Impact of perioperative acute ischemic stroke on the outcomes of noncardiac and nonvascular surgery: a single centre prospective study

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Abstract

Background

Although ischemic stroke is a well-known complication of cardiovascular surgery it has not been extensively studied in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the predictors and outcomes of perioperative acute ischemic stroke (PAIS) in patients undergoing noncardiothoracic, nonvascular surgery (NCS).

Methods

We prospectively evaluated patients undergoing NCS and enrolled patients older than 18 years who underwent an elective, non-daytime, open surgical procedure. Electrocardiography and cardiac biomarkers were obtained 1 day before surgery, and on postoperative days 1, 3 and 7.

Results

Of the 1340 patients undergoing NCS, 31 (2.3%) experienced PAIS. Only age (odds ratio [OR] 2.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01–3.2, p < 0.001) and preoperative history of stroke (OR 3.6, 95% CI 1.2–4.8, p < 0.001) were independent predictors of PAIS according to multivariate analysis. Patients with PAIS had more cardiovascular (51.6% v. 10.6%, p < 0.001) and noncardiovascular complications (67.7% v. 28.3%, p < 0.001). In-hospital mortality was 19.3% for the PAIS group and 1% for those without PAIS (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Age and preoperative history of stroke were strong risk factors for PAIS in patients undergoing NCS. Patients with PAIS carry an elevated risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality.

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