Fibronectin is chemotactic for CT 26 colon carcinoma cells: sub-lines selected for increased chemotaxis to fibronectin display decreased tumorigenicity and lung colonization

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Abstract

CT 26 murine colon carcinoma cells demonstrated directional migration (chemotaxis) in response to fibronectin (FN). Sub-lines were derived by positive and negative selection to FN across Transwell filters of 8 mm pore size. The FL6 sub-line (positively selected) demonstrated a significantly increased chemotactic response (P < 0.01) to FN compared with parental CT 26 cells, while the FU7 sub-line (negatively selected) showed a reduced chemotactic response to FN (P < 0.01). Comparable levels of α4, α5, αv and β1 integrins, which mediate FN attachment, were expressed on positively and negatively selected sub-lines and parental CT 26 cells. Activation of integrins with Mn2+ suggested that the integrins expressed on FL6 cells were in the fully activated state; in contrast FU7 cells displayed only partially activated integrins. Cell attachment and integrin activation status of the sub-lines correlated with their chemotactic response to FN. In vivo FL6 cells showed a significantly reduced tumour growth rate s.c. and a reduction in the number of lung colonies formed following i.v. injection compared with parental CT 26 and FU7 cells. In contrast FU7 cells displayed a sig-nificant increase in s.c. tumour growth and the number of lung colonies when compared with the parental line and FL6 sub-line. The results indicate that interaction between integrin receptors expressed on cancer cells and FN plays a central role in the chemotactic response of CT 26 colon carcinoma cells, and that in this model cells selected for chemotaxis to FN displayed a reduced malignant potential.

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