The vitamin D metabolite ratio (VMR) as a predictor of functional biomarkers of bone health

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Abstract

Context

The vitamin D metabolite ratio (VMR) (serum 24,25(OH)2D3/25(OH)D3) has been proposed as a biomarker of vitamin D sufficiency to replace serum 25(OH)D.

Objective

To examine the relationships of 24,25(OH)2D3 and VMR to functional biomarkers of bone health following vitamin D supplementation.

Setting

An ambulatory research centre.

Design

Serum from a previous research study of dose response of PTH, calcium absorption and bone turnover to vitamin D supplementation was analysed for vitamin D metabolites (25(OH)D, 24,25(OH)2D3).

Outcome

The relationship of serum 24,25(OH)2D3 and VMR to calcium absorption, PTH and bone turnover markers was examined.

Results

Although there were strong correlations of serum 25(OH)D with 24,25(OH)2D3 and free 25(OH)D, its correlation with VMR was lower. After vitamin D supplementation, the change in 25(OH)D, 24,25(OH)2D3 and VMR was associated with the change in calcium absorption, PTH and CTX. The correlation of the change in PTH with the change in metabolites was the lowest for VMR. Moreover, estimated dose response for standardized values of vitamin D metabolites showed a beta-coefficient for VMR that was significantly less in magnitude compared to other metabolites.

Conclusion

Serum 24,25(OH)2D3 is closely associated with the dose response of serum 25(OH)D to vitamin D supplementation. However, the VMR does not appear to be equivalent to either of these metabolites in its response to increasing vitamin D intake or its association with PTH. It is unlikely that VMR will replace 25(OH)D as a biomarker for vitamin D sufficiency.

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