To examine the relationship between socioeconomic factors, residential locality and cataract surgery incidence.Methods
This was a population-based study using the Western Australian Data Linkage System to identify all cataract operations performed in patients aged 50+ years in 1996 and 2001. Patients' residential addresses at the time of operation were geocoded to census localities. Using census-derived indices, procedures were categorized into socioeconomic groups and residential locations (metropolitan and rural). Poisson regression was used to analyse for differences in procedure rates.Results
The crude cataract surgery rate in Western Australia increased from 4458 to 6631 procedures per million person-years between 1996 and 2001. Female and older patients underwent more surgery. Metropolitan residents were more likely to undergo surgery compared with rural residents; a difference that increased by 17% between 1996 and 2001 (1996: incidence rate ratio [IRR] 1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02–1.13; 2001: IRR 1.24, 95% CI 1.18–1.29). A pronounced ‘U-shaped’ pattern of difference had developed for socioeconomic disadvantage by 2001. The most advantaged underwent 9% more surgery than the most disadvantaged. Rates in the middle two groups were less than the lowest one.Conclusion
There was growing inequity in the rates of cataract surgery for rural and poorer patients between 1996 and 2001. These differences partly reflect the increasingly two-tiered Australian health system with more privately provided cataract surgery in urban areas.