Ellipsoid zone on optical coherence tomography: a review

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Emergence of the high-resolution optical coherence tomography has allowed better delineation of retinal layers, and many of the anatomical correlations of these layers have now been agreed upon. However, some anatomical correlates still remain contentious, such as the second hyper-reflective band, which is now termed ellipsoid zone. Despite the lack of consensus of the actual origin of the ellipsoid zone, there has been much interest in evaluating its integrity and intensity in different disease processes. This review paper aims to provide an overview of the ellipsoid zone and its clinical and research applications.

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