Radiomic Features Are Associated With EGFR Mutation Status in Lung Adenocarcinomas

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Abstract

Micro-Abstract

In this study, we investigate the association between computed tomography-based radiomic features and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in 298 patients with surgically resected peripheral lung adenocarcinomas. Eleven radiomic features from 7 different feature categories were significantly associated with EGFR mutations. Adding radiomic features to a clinical model improved the predictive power of EGFR mutations.

Background:

In this study we retrospectively evaluated the capability of computed tomography (CT)-based radiomic features to predict epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in surgically-resected peripheral lung adenocarcinomas in an Asian cohort of patients.

Patients and Methods:

Two hundred ninety-eight patients with surgically resected peripheral lung adenocarcinomas were investigated in this institutional review board-approved retrospective study with requirement waived to obtain informed consent. Two hundred nineteen quantitative 3-D features were extracted from segmented volumes of each tumor, and 59 of these, which were considered independent features, were included in the analysis. Clinical and pathological information was obtained from the institutional database.

Results:

Mutant EGFR was significantly associated with female sex (P = .0005); never smoker status (P < .0001), lepidic predominant adenocarcinomas (P = .017), and low or intermediate pathologic grade (P = .0002). Statistically significant differences were found in 11 radiomic features between EGFR mutant and wild type groups in univariate analysis. Mutant EGFR status could be predicted by a set of 5 radiomic features that fell into 3 broad groups: CT attenuation energy, tumor main direction, and texture defined according to wavelets and Laws (area under the curve [AUC], 0.647). A multiple logistic regression model showed that adding radiomic features to a clinical model resulted in a significant improvement of predicting power, because the AUC increased from 0.667 to 0.709 (P < .0001).

Conclusion:

Computed tomography-based radiomic features of peripheral lung adenocarcinomas can capture useful information regarding tumor phenotype, and the model we built can be useful to predict the presence of EGFR mutations in peripheral lung adenocarcinoma in Asian patients when mutational profiling is not available or possible.

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