Chemoradiotherapy, the standard of care for locally advanced non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), often fails to eradicate all known disease. Despite advances in chemotherapeutic regimens, locally advanced NSCLC remains a difficult disease to treat, and locoregional failure remains common. Improved radiographic detection can identify patients at significant risk of locoregional failure after definitive treatment, and newer methods of escalating locoregional treatment may allow for improvements in locoregional control with acceptable toxicity. This review addresses critical issues in escalating local therapy, focusing on using serial positron emission tomography-computed tomography to select high-risk patients and employing stereotactic radiotherapy to intensify treatment. We further propose a clinical trial concept that incorporates the review's findings.