Complex chromosomal rearrangements associated with congenital erythrophagocytotic histiocytosis

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


We describe a patient with a congenital malignant blood disorder and a constitutional de novo chromosomal rearrangement that includes four breakpoints. By conventional cytogenetic analysis an obviously reciprocal balanced translocation with the breakpoints 1p36 and 5q11.2 was diagnosed. Due to a suspicious dark band in the breakpoint area of 1p a more detailed analysis of the breakpoints was performed using microdissection and reverse chromosome painting. This revealed a small inversion at 1p36 that must have occurred prior to the reciprocal translocation. The three breakpoints in chromosome 1 (1p36.11, 1p36.21 and 1p36.31) are within or close by regions known to contain tumor suppressor genes. The chromosomal rearrangement might have resulted either in a submicroscopic deletion, in loss of heterozygosity of one or more imprinted genes, or in gene position effects as possible explanations for the clinical course of our patient.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles