AbstractBACKGROUND & AIMS:
Obesity and metabolic abnormality are risk factors for colorectal cancer and adenoma. We evaluated the risk of advanced colorectal neoplasm (AN) according to metabolic status and obesity in Koreans.METHODS:
We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study of 70,428 individuals in Korea who underwent colonoscopy and whose metabolic state and body mass index were examined, from 2003 through 2012, at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital in Korea. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) for AN in people who were metabolically healthy but obese, people with metabolic abnormality who were not obese, and people with metabolic abnormality who were obese. The reference group was metabolically healthy nonobese peoples. AN was defined as adenoma ≥10 mm in diameter, adenoma with any component of villous histology, high-grade dysplasia, or invasive cancer.RESULTS:
No increased risk of AN was observed in the metabolically healthy but obese (OR, 0.99; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67–1.46;P= .825) and metabolic abnormality who were not obese groups (OR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.85–1.21;P= .765). In contrast, risk of AN was increased in the metabolic abnormality who were obese group (OR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.12–1.58;P= .006). In men, risk of AN showed a greater increase in the metabolic abnormality who were obese group (OR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.20–1.83;P= .001). This association was not observed in women (OR, 1.21; 95% CI, 0.84–1.75;P= .476).CONCLUSIONS:
Men with 1 or more metabolic abnormality and obesity are at increased risk for AN.