Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection With Sofosbuvir and Velpatasvir, With or Without Voxilaprevir

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Abstract

Background & Aims

Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) has many hepatic and extrahepatic manifestations, measured by patient-reported outcomes (PROs). We measured changes in PROs during HCV treatment with recently developed pangenotypic regimens and from a sustained virologic response 12 weeks after treatment ended (SVR12).

Methods

We collected PRO data from 2 multi-center, blinded, international phase 3 trials of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and voxilaprevir, from 748 patients previously treated with direct-acting antivirals for chronic infection with HCV of any genotype (59% HCV genotype 1, 43% with compensated cirrhosis) (POLARIS-1 and POLARIS-4). The combination of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and voxilaprevir was given to 445 patients, the combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir to 151 patients, and placebo to 152 patients. Patients completed the SF-36, FACIT-F, CLDQ-HCV, and WPAI:SHP questionnaires at baseline, during treatment, and during the follow-up period.

Results

There was no difference in baseline clinical or demographic features or PRO scores among the groups (all P > .05). The group that received the combination of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and voxilaprevir had more gastrointestinal symptoms than the groups that received sofosbuvir and velpatasvir or placebo (P = .0001). An SVR12 was achieved by 90.1% of patients who received sofosbuvir and velpatasvir vs 96.9% of patients who received sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and voxilaprevir (P = .0008). After 12 weeks of treatment, some PRO scores improved in both treatment groups (by 2.5 or by 9.1 points, on a 0–100 scale; P < .05) but not in the placebo group. All increases in PRO scores were sustained or increased after treatment ended (an increase of up to 11.1 points at 12 weeks after treatment and an increase of up to 16.6 points at 24 weeks after treatment ended) (P < .05 for all but 2 PROs). There were no differences in PROs between the sofosbuvir and velpatasvir group vs the sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, and voxilaprevir group (all P > .05). In multivariate analysis, after adjustment for clinical and demographic factors and baseline PRO scores, receiving treatment was associated with higher PROs scores than receiving placebo (beta as high as 5.1) (P < .05).

Conclusions

In an analysis of data from 2 phase 3 clinical trials of patients with chronic HCV infection of any genotype, we found the combination of sofosbuvir, velpatasvir, with or without voxilaprevir, to increase PRO scores compared with placebo. These findings indicate the comprehensive benefit of these regimens during treatment and after SVR.

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