Vaulting quantification during level walking of transfemoral amputees

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Vaulting is a gait compensatory mechanism used by transfemoral amputees to assist toe clearance during the prosthetic swing phase. It is defined by a plantar flexion of the contralateral ankle during the single-limb support phase. The aim of the study is to propose a method to quantify vaulting of transfemoral amputees.


17 transfemoral amputees and 28 asymptomatic subjects participated in the data collection. Kinematics and kinetics of the whole body were recorded while subjects were walking on a level surface. Biomechanical gait analysis was focused on a reduced set of parameters linked to the contralateral ankle, the contralateral knee and the trajectory of the center of pressure. The patients were classified in two groups: with or without vaulting using video recordings. Differences between both groups and the control group were analyzed.


A higher generated ankle power was found during the single support phase of the contralateral limb of transfemoral amputees presenting vaulting. These subjects presented also a higher dissipated knee flexion power before the peak in ankle flexion power. The trajectory of the center of pressure was also modified by the vaulting.


Vaulting for transfemoral amputees is characterized by a propulsive plantar flexion at the contralateral ankle. Quantifying the ankle flexion power during the contralateral single support phase will help in understanding vaulting.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles