The influence of foot posture on dorsiflexion range of motion and postural control in those with chronic ankle instability

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Abstract

Background

To investigate the effect of foot posture on postural control and dorsiflexion range of motion in individuals with chronic ankle instability.

Methods

The study employed a cross-sectional, single-blinded design. Twenty-one individuals with self-reported chronic ankle instability (male = 5; age = 23.76(4.18)years; height = 169.27(11.46)cm; weight = 73.65(13.37)kg; number of past ankle sprains = 4.71(4.10); episode of giving way = 17.00(18.20); Cumberland Ankle Instability Score = 18.24(4.52); Ankle Instability Index = 5.86(1.39)) participated. The foot posture index was used to categorize subjects into pronated (n = 8; Foot Posture Index = 7.50(0.93)) and neutral (n = 13; Foot Posture Index = 3.08(1.93)) groups. The dependent variables of dorsiflexion ROM and dynamic and static postural control were collected for both groups at a single session.

Findings

There were no significant differences in dorsiflexion range of motion between groups (p = 0.22) or any of the eyes open time-to-boundary variables (p > 0.13). The pronated group had significantly less dynamic postural control than the neutral group as assessed by the anterior direction of the Star Excursion Balance Test (p < 0.04). However, the pronated group had significantly higher time-to-boundary values than the neutral group for all eyes closed time-to-boundary variables (p ≤ 0.05), which indicates better eyes closed static postural control.

Interpretation

Foot posture had a significant effect on dynamic postural control and eyes closed static postural control in individuals with chronic ankle instability. These findings suggest that foot posture may influence postural control in those with chronic ankle instability.

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