Pullout strength of cement-augmented and wide-suture transosseous fixation in the greater tuberosity

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Background:Obtaining strong fixation in low-density bone is increasingly critical in surgical repair of rotator cuff tears because of the aging population. To evaluate two new methods of improving pullout strength of transosseous rotator cuff repair in low-density bone, we analyzed the effects of 1) using 2-mm suture tape instead of no. 2 suture and 2) augmenting the lateral tunnel with cement.Methods:Eleven pairs of osteopenic or osteoporotic cadaveric humeri were identified by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. One bone tunnel and one suture were placed in the heads of 22 specimens. Five randomly selected pairs were repaired with no. 2 suture; the other six pairs were repaired with 2-mm suture tape. One side of each pair received lateral tunnel cement augmentation. Specimens were tested to suture pullout. Data were fitted to multivariate models that accounted for bone mineral density and other specimen characteristics.Findings:Two specimens were excluded because of knot-slipping during testing. Use of suture tape versus no. 2 suture conferred a 75-N increase (95% CI: 37, 113) in pullout strength (P < 0.001). Cement augmentation conferred a 42-N improvement (95% CI: 10, 75; P = 0.011). Other significant predictors of pullout strength were age, sex, and bone mineral density.Interpretation:We show two methods of improving the fixation strength of transosseous rotator cuff repairs in low-density bone: using 2-mm suture tape instead of no. 2 suture and augmenting the lateral tunnel with cement. These methods may improve the feasibility of transosseous repairs in an aging patient population.HighlightsTwo methods of improving transosseous rotator cuff repair strength were evaluated.Load-to-failure testing was performed on 22 cadaveric humeri with low bone density.Suture type and cement augmentation both significantly affected pullout strength.

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