Two-year gait analysis controls of the minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty by the direct anterior approach

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The purpose of the study was to determine the long-term functional outcome of two hip approaches by gait analysis. Patients were selected by prospective randomization, and operated on either by the anterolateral approach or by a minimally invasive direct anterior approach.


33 patients (17 anterolateral approach; 16 direct anterior approach) were analyzed using a Vicon 870 system. Gait analysis was performed two years after total hip arthroplasty. Temporo-spatial and kinematic variables were obtained.


On chest and pelvic kinematics, no patient group demonstrated significant differences. The time-distance parameters showed significant differences with the anterior approach in cadence and stride time.


The study indicates that the direct anterior approach exerts positive effects compared with the anterolateral approach two years after surgery. The muscle-sparing concept of direct anterior approach results in significant differences in gait compared to the anterolateral approach 2 years after surgery.

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