Nephrotoxicity Associated with Intravenous Colistin (Colistimethate Sodium) Treatment at a Tertiary Care Medical Center

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The incidence of acute renal failure, defined by the risk, injury, or failure criteria of the RIFLE criteria (risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage kidney disease), in 66 patients who received colistimethate sodium was 45%, and 21% of patients stopped therapy because of nephrotoxicity. The RIFLE criteria should be used in the future to allow for comparison of nephrotoxicity among studies.

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