The autosomal recessive congenital intrauterine infection-like syndrome of microcephaly, intracranial calcification, and CNS disease: report of another Bedouin family

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Abstract

We describe a Bedouin family with the rare autosomal recessive infection-like syndrome of microcephaly, intracranial calcification and CNS disease that has so far been documented in only eight families including one from Kuwait. In the present family, the female proband had congenital microbrachycephaly, hypertonia, early-onset tonic-clonic seizures, a palpable liver and mild pulmonary stenosis. Follow-up examination of the girl identified delayed developmental milestones while head CT scan revealed partial agenesis of the corpus callosum, brain atrophy, dilated ventricles and scattered calcine foci in the caudate nuclei, the thalami, and the periventricular white matter. The possibility of intrauterine TORCH infection was excluded by the negative results of repeated immunovirology study and by the failure to recover viral inclusions in urine cultures. The proband had three apparently affected cousins with spasticity and CT findings of microcephaly and intracranial calcification. Other previously documented cases with the congenital intrauterine infectionlike syndrome are reviewed.

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